Rare supply - demand imbalance of tea market

VCN - Before the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, the global tea market has been experiencing a rare supply-demand imbalance in recent years when the supply faces a shortage and the demand is increasing sharply.

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rare supply demand imbalance of tea market
It is forecast that the supply - demand imbalance will not last long. Photo: Nguyen Thanh

According to the Department of Agricultural Product Processing and Market Development (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development), facing the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, the global tea market has been experiencing a rare supply-demand imbalance in recent years.

Specifically, the tea harvesting process of many countries is interrupted by labor shortages when many countries issue social distancing policies, while the demand for tea – a beverage known for the effect of strengthening the immune system – increases sharply.

Trade restrictive policies to minimize the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, especially in five countries China, India, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Vietnam (accounting for over 80% of the global tea market), which are applied in the middle of the peak season of tea harvesting, have caused interruptions in tea exports for about a month, affecting the supply, pushing up the tea price of tea on the global market dramatically.

Tea selling prices at auctions in May (as of May 20) in Mombasa, Kenya averaged US$4.33 / kg, up 1.4% from the previous month.

However, the parties involved in tea production and exports, as well as the International Tea Committee,believe that this trend will not last long, because most of the tea exporting countries will have an oversupply in 2020.

Regarding the tea export in Vietnam, the report of the Department of Processing and Agricultural Product Market Development stated that: from the beginning of the year to the end of May, the volume and value of tea exports were estimated at 46,000 tons and US$71 million, down 2.3% in volume and 11.3% in value over the same period in 2019.

In the first four months of the year, tea volume exported to Pakistan – Vietnam's largest market – amounted to 30.6% market share, down by 14.1% in volume and 19% in value over the same period in 2019. The average export price of tea in the four months only reached US$1,516 / ton, a year-on-year decrease of 11%.

rare supply demand imbalance of tea market Abundant supply and COVID-19 keep pepper prices low

In the domestic market, tea prices in May generally remained stable. In Thai Nguyen, the price of high-quality stem tea keeps stable at VND200,000/ kg, dried green tea buds VND100,000 /kg, dried green tea buds (preliminary processed type 1) VND130,000 / kg. In Bao Loc (Lam Dong), the tea stem price is stable at VND9,500 / kg, grain tea increased slightly by VND200 / kg to VND7,500 / kg.

By Thanh Nguyen/ Huyen Trang

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