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The number of workers in the electronics industry is on the rise, and e-businesses will be a critical source of employment in the future. However, up to 80 per cent of such firms say they find it difficult to recruit technicians.
Workers produce electronic components at the Korean firm Bluecom Vina Co., Ltd in the northern city of Hải Phòng. - VNA/VNS Photo Danh Lam
The statement was made by Đào Quang Vinh, director of the Institute of Labour Science and Social Affairs (ILSSA) at the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA), at a conference held in Hà Nội on Wednesday.
In recent years, the electronics industry has grown rapidly and has become one of the most important sectors of Việt Nam’s economy. The growth rate of the electronics industry increased sharply from 7.4 per cent in 2011 to 32.5 per cent in 2015. The development of Việt Nam’s electronics industry is attributed to the large investments from multinational corporations, especially corporations from the Republic of Korea and Japan, in the field of manufacturing electronic components.
According to Vinh, electronics is the largest export sector of Việt Nam. The sector’s export turnover has grown from US$22.9 billion in 2012 to more than $71 billion in 2017. It is now 2.5 times and five times greater than textiles and footwear sectors, respectively. Of the total, 95 per cent of the country’s electronic export turnover is due to foreign direct investment (FDI) enterprises. FDI enterprises also excel in terms of technology and labour footprint: the average number of employees at an FDI enterprise is 807 people, compared to 212 at State-owned enterprises and just 25 at the average private sector firms.
The electronics industry is playing an important role in creating jobs, income and developing human resources for Việt Nam, said Chử Thị Lân, ILSSA’s director of Research Centre for Environment and Labour Conditions. Over the last 10 years, the number of e-businesses has significantly increased, from 307 enterprises in 2006 to 1,165 enterprises in 2015. In addition, workers in the electronics industry also rose from 141,780 people in 2009 to 453,181 people in 2016.
However, according to ILSSA’s assessment, the qualifications of labourers working in this sector are not high: 68.75 per cent of the workforce does not have degrees or certificates. This proportion is higher in the FDI sector.
Meanwhile, the recent wave of new technology has rapidly and strongly impacted enterprises in the electronics industry in many ways, increasing competitiveness and labour productivity while reducing production costs and attracting high quality human resources, which will affect workers to some extent, Vinh added.
In order to cope with this situation, Lân suggested said that sustainable development must become the leading strategy of enterprises. Therefore, in addition to investing in production development, ensuring decent jobs for workers is an important responsibility which cannot be ignored. Lân also proposed that e-businesses need to practice corporate social responsibility by adhering to labour standards and labour law enforcement to help promote decent work.
Specifically, electronic businesses should eliminate the use of forced labour and child labour; ensure job security and stable employment; and avoid arbitrary dismissal of labourers above 35 years of age and discrimination against employment and occupation.